How To Treat Muscle Strain

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Overview of Muscle Strain

There are several things that you can do in order to prevent a muscle strain such as not pushing yourself too much when exercising.
There are several things that you can do in order to prevent a muscle strain such as not pushing yourself too much when exercising.

There are several types of strains and each strain is categorized as a grade. The grades are as follows:

  • Grade I strain: There are only a few muscle fibers that are torn or stretched. It is still at its normal strength, though it is tender and painful.
  • Grade II strain: This is a moderate strain in which there are injured fibers and severe muscle pain. There is also swelling and bruising, as well as some loss of muscle strength.
  • Grade III strain: There are several tears in the muscle fiber, and there can be a popping sensation when the muscle rips away from the tendon. These are serious injuries that can cause a person to lose complete control of the muscle. There is pain, swelling, discoloration and tenderness.

Causes of Muscle Strain

  • You don’t warm up your muscles correctly prior to exercising.
  • The time it takes to recover your muscles isn’t long enough. Give your muscles more time to recover.
  • Your muscles are already constricted or rigid.
  • You have injured your muscles in the past.
  • Your muscles are drained or overworked.
  • You pick up heavy objects incorrectly and place too much tension on your muscles.

Symptoms of a Muscle Strain

There are several symptoms of a muscle strain including:

  • Pain and tenderness in the muscle after an activity that is often relieved when resting
  • Discoloration and swelling of the muscle
  • Decrease or complete loss of muscle function
  • There may be a pop when the injury happens

Preventing Muscle Strains

There are several things that you can do in order to prevent a muscle strain. This includes:

  • Before participating in physical activities, warm up
  • Stretch and strengthen the muscles through exercise
  • Do not push yourself too hard while exercising
  • Keep your weight at a healthy level to avoid straining the muscles
  • Have a good posture
  • When lifting, be sure to lift with the knees, rather than the back.

Treating a Muscle Strain

When you have a grade I or II strain, you will need to follow the RICE rule:

  • Rest the injured muscle
  • Ice the injured area
  • Compress the muscle with a bandage
  • Elevate the injured area if possible

You should call a professional in the event:

  • You feel a pop when the injury occurs
  • There is severe pain, swelling or discoloration of the muscle
  • You are having a hard time moving the muscle
  • Your symptoms do not improve within 48 hours
  • You cannot do normal activities within a few days
  • You are already being treated for a strained back and the symptoms have not improved within the last two weeks.


 Related Video On Muscle Strain



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