How To Treat A Fracture

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What is A Fracture?

  • A broken or cracked bone
  • Occurs when pressure is applied to bone
  • Occurs with / without displacement of bone fragments

Types of Fractures

A broken or cracked bone. Occurs when pressure is applied to bone
A broken or cracked bone.
  • Open fracture: Skin breaks causing open wound
  • Closed fracture: Skin not broken
  • Complicated fractures: Damage of adjacent organs
  • Stress fracture: Hairline crack due to repeated stress
  • Greenstick fracture: In children’s flexible bones

Symptoms of Fractures

  • Severe pain
  • Difficulty in movement
  • Swelling/ bruising / bleeding
  • Deformity / abnormal twist of limb
  • Tenderness on applying pressure

First-aid for Fractures

  • Depends on type & location of fracture

For open fractures

For open / closed fractures

  • Check the breathing
  • Calm the person
  • Examine for other injuries
  • Immobilize the broken wound
  • Apply ice to reduce pain / swelling
  • Consult a doctor

What Not To Do

  • Massage the affected area
  • Straighten the broken bone
  • Move without support to broken bone
  • Move joints above / below the fracture
  • Give oral liquids / food


  • Wear protective pads / helmets when driving
  • Teach children / practice, safe habits

Related Video On Fractures

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