How To Treat Muscle Strain

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Overview of Muscle Strain

There are several types of strains and each strain is categorized as a grade. The grades are as follows:

  • Grade I strain: There are only a few muscle fibers that are torn or stretched. It is still at its normal strength, though it is tender and painful.
  • Grade II strain: This is a moderate strain in which there are injured fibers and severe muscle pain. There is also swelling and bruising, as well as some loss of muscle strength.
    There are several things that you can do in order to prevent a muscle strain such as not pushing yourself too much when exercising.

    There are several things that you can do in order to prevent a muscle strain such as not pushing yourself too much when exercising.

  • Grade III strain: There are several tears in the muscle fiber, and there can be a popping sensation when the muscle rips away from the tendon. These are serious injuries that can cause a person to lose complete control of the muscle. There is pain, swelling, discoloration and tenderness.

Causes of Muscle Strain

  • You don’t warm up your muscles correctly prior to exercising.
  • The time it takes to recover your muscles isn’t long enough. Give your muscles more time to recover.
  • Your muscles are already constricted or rigid.
  • You have injured your muscles in the past.
  • Your muscles are drained or overworked.
  • You pick up heavy objects incorrectly and place too much tension on your muscles.

Symptoms of a Muscle Strain

There are several symptoms of a muscle strain including:

  • Pain and tenderness in the muscle after an activity that is often relieved when resting
  • Discoloration and swelling of the muscle
  • Decrease or complete loss of muscle function
  • There may be a pop when the injury happens

Preventing Muscle Strains

There are several things that you can do in order to prevent a muscle strain. This includes:

  • Before participating in physical activities, warm up
  • Stretch and strengthen the muscles through exercise
  • Do not push yourself too hard while exercising
  • Keep your weight at a healthy level to avoid straining the muscles
  • Have a good posture
  • When lifting, be sure to lift with the knees, rather than the back.

Treating a Muscle Strain

When you have a grade I or II strain, you will need to follow the RICE rule:

  • Rest the injured muscle
  • Ice the injured area
  • Compress the muscle with a bandage
  • Elevate the injured area if possible

You should call a professional in the event:

  • You feel a pop when the injury occurs
  • There is severe pain, swelling or discoloration of the muscle
  • You are having a hard time moving the muscle
  • Your symptoms do not improve within 48 hours
  • You cannot do normal activities within a few days
  • You are already being treated for a strained back and the symptoms have not improved within the last two weeks.

 

 Related Video On Muscle Strain

 

 

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  • All cprlevelc.ca content is reviewed by a medical professional and / sourced to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible.

  • We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable websites, academic research institutions and medical articles.

  • If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please contact us through our contact us page.